How to Cook Over Medium Eggs

When it comes to breakfast, eggs are a staple. They are versatile, delicious, and packed with nutrients.
One of the most popular ways to cook eggs is by preparing them over medium. Over medium eggs have a runny yolk encased in a set white, making them the perfect addition to toast or an English muffin for a delicious breakfast sandwich.

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs cooked

What Over Medium Eggs Look Like?

Over medium eggs fall between over easy and over hard in terms of doneness. The egg whites are fully set while the yolk remains slightly runny. This makes for a great texture combination in your mouth as you bite into the egg and it oozes out its rich golden center. To achieve this texture, it is essential that you cook the egg properly so that both the white and yolk are fully cooked but not overcooked.

Importance of Cooking Over Medium Eggs Correctly

Cooking over medium eggs correctly is essential because otherwise, you risk undercooking or overcooking them, which can result in foodborne illness or a less than appetizing texture. If not cooked long enough, you may end up with uncooked yolks or undercooked whites that can carry bacteria such as salmonella. On the other hand, if cooked for too long, your yolks will become solidified and rubbery.

Cooking your over medium eggs correctly not only ensures food safety but also enhances their flavor and texture so that they become a delicious addition to your breakfast menu. The following step-by-step guide will help you master the art of cooking perfect over-medium eggs every time!

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs


Required Ingredients and Utensils

Before attempting to cook Over Medium Eggs, it is important to have all the necessary ingredients and utensils at hand. For this dish, the following are required:

It is recommended that the eggs be at room temperature before cooking. This is because cold eggs can cause temperature fluctuations in the pan, leading to uneven cooking.

Preparing the Pan and Heat Source

One of the most important steps in preparing for Over Medium Eggs is ensuring that your pan and heat source are ready. A non-stick pan is essential for this dish as it will allow you to flip the egg with ease. If you don’t have a non-stick pan, make sure to grease your regular pan well with butter or cooking oil.

Next, heat up your stove on medium-high heat until it’s hot enough for cooking. Make sure that there isn’t any moisture on your stove surface as water can cause oil splatters while heating up.

Once you’ve heated up your stove, add some butter or oil on your non-stick frying pan and let it melt for about 20 seconds before adding an egg on top of it. It’s important not to add too much butter since excess butter will lead to overcooked eggs.

Remember: less is more when it comes to adding butter. After adding an egg onto a preheated pan, cook until whites start setting before flipping them over carefully using a spatula – this should take no longer than 30 seconds per each side of an egg.

Proper preparation of ingredients and utensils before starting any recipe is crucial in achieving a successful outcome. Follow the recommended steps closely to avoid any mishaps and enjoy your perfectly cooked Over Medium Eggs.

Three Steps for Cooking Over Medium Eggs

1. Heat the Pan and Melt the Butter

Turn on your heating stove and place your frying pan on it. Add about 1/2 tbsp of butter to the pan per egg. Put the pan on medium heat and let the butter melt evenly (spread the butter throughout the pan with a spatula if needed).

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs - first add butter

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs - melted butter

2. Crack the Egg into the Pan

Crack the egg(s) into the pan and let cook for about 1-2 minutes over medium heat. You can use the egg cracker for your convenient. When the eggs whites are set (no longer liquidy), it’s time to flip the egg(s). With a spatula, carefully flip the egg(s), ensuring the yolk does not break (easier said than done sometimes). Once flipped, let the egg(s) cook for another 15-30 seconds on the other side and then turn off the burner/heat. Let the egg(s) sit on the hot pan for another minute to finish cooking and then remove them from the hot pan. Don’t forget to put a bit of salt and pepper to taste it! You can get one of our chef’s recommended electric salt & pepper grinders as your winning tool.

Note: you could crack the eggs into a small bowl instead of directly into the pan, but I think it’s an extra and unnecessary step.

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs cooking

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs cooked

3. Prep the Egg(s)

Over medium eggs are great on their own, but are best enjoyed with toast or on top of an english muffin. You know what, scratch that, they’re much better with some sort of bread. Don’t eat them by themselves.

My personal favorite is to spread avocado on an english muffin with the over medium egg, cheese and some cooked spinach. Not pictured below because I was a little lazy the morning I made these.

How to Cook Over Medium Eggs sandwich

If you need some tools to get cooking at home, check out the tools I used and what you will need to learn how to cook over medium eggs below. Anyway, these tools are for frying egg. If you want a tool for boiling egg, one of these Electric Egg Cookers should be your wining tool.

Tips For Perfect Over Medium Eggs:

  1. Use fresh eggs: Fresh eggs give better results compared to older ones because their whites hold together better when cooking.
  2. Avoid high heat: High temperatures cause eggs to cook too quickly and not evenly so understanding proper heat level is crucial for perfecting this process.
  3. Use a nonstick pan: A non-stick pan will help ensure that the eggs don’t stick to the bottom of the pan making it much easier to flip and remove from the pan.
  4. Season as desired: Salt and pepper are a great option, but you can also be creative and add other spices like paprika or red pepper flakes.
  5. Practice makes perfect: Cooking over-medium eggs may take a few tries to get just right, so don’t give up if your first few attempts aren’t perfect. Keep at it until you’ve got it down pat!

By following these simple steps, anyone can create a delicious plate of over-medium eggs. The key is to approach the process with patience and care, taking time to tend to each detail along the way. With practice and experience, anyone can become an expert egg cook!

Serving Suggestions

Pairing with Toast or English Muffin

When it comes to serving over medium eggs, pairing them with a slice of toast or an English muffin is a classic choice. The toast or muffin provides the perfect base for the egg to sit atop, and its mild flavor complements the richness of the yolk.

For a healthier option, consider whole-grain bread or multi-grain English muffins. These provide more fiber and nutrients than their white counterparts while still being a delicious pairing for your over medium eggs.

If you’re feeling adventurous, try adding some toppings to your toast or muffin before placing the egg on top. Avocado slices, sliced tomatoes, crumbled feta cheese, and chopped herbs like parsley or chives can all add an extra layer of flavor and texture.

Additional Seasoning Options

While over medium eggs are delicious on their own, adding some additional seasoning can take them to the next level. Here are some ideas: – Salt and pepper: This classic combination is always a safe bet.

Sprinkle some freshly ground black pepper and sea salt on top of your egg right after you flip it. – Hot sauce: If you like things spicy, add a few drops of hot sauce to your egg after it’s cooked.

Sriracha, Tabasco sauce, or even homemade chili oil all work well. – Cheese: Who doesn’t love cheese?

Grate some cheddar or Parmesan cheese on top of your egg as soon as it comes off the pan.

  • Herbs: Fresh herbs like thyme, rosemary, basil, and dill can all add an extra layer of flavor to your over medium eggs.
  • Truffle oil: For a decadent touch, drizzle some truffle oil on top of your cooked egg. Its rich umami flavor pairs especially well with runny yolks.

Whatever seasoning you choose, be sure to taste as you go and adjust accordingly. Over medium eggs have a delicate flavor that can easily be overwhelmed, so it’s best to start with small amounts of seasoning and build from there.

Overall, serving over medium eggs with toast or English muffins and adding some seasoning can turn a simple breakfast into a delicious and satisfying meal. Experiment with different flavors and combinations until you find your perfect match.


Mastering how to cook an over medium egg is an art form that pays off in deliciously cooked breakfast dishes every time you try it out! So don’t be afraid to experiment with different seasoning options or pairings – with enough practice and patience anyone can achieve perfect results every time they cook up their favorite breakfast dish!

List of Simple Tools You Need for Cooking Cook Over Medium Eggs

1. Slotted Turner

The cutting edge is not needed for this recipe but is pretty useful for most other recipes.

2. Calphalon Pan

I use a Calphalon cookware set at home myself, but you can choose any frying pan that fits you actually. Or you can use T-Fal Pan below for lower cost option.

T-Fal Pan

If you need a lower cost option, T-Fal Pan gets the job done. And of course you need a Heating Plate Burner.

Nonstick frying pan

3. Single Electric Flat Cast Iron Heating Plate Burner

If you don’t need much cooking, this single heating plate burner is more than enough. Yet, if you need extra heating burner, then you can grab the double plate burner from the selected list here.

If you’re curious, I also took a look at the nutrition of a large egg:

  • Calories: 72
  • Total Fat: 4.8 g
  • Total Carbs: 0.4 g
  • Protein: 6.3 g
  • Total Sugar: 0.2 g

It’s lower in calories than most people (or maybe just me) originally thought, and has a decent amount of protein to help start your day. The big thing to remember though is that the egg cooks in butter (or oil), and some of that flavorful fat is also going to get absorbed in the egg while cooking. Not all of it, but probably most of it. If you factor in the 1/2 tbsp of butter the nutrition profile changes:

  • Calories: 122.9
  • Total Fat: 10.6 g
  • Total Carbs: 0.4 g
  • Protein:  6.4 g
  • Total Sugar: 0.2 g

Some calories and fat are added. Not too surprising, and if you are using grass-fed butter or even olive oil then you are adding “healthy” fats and shouldn’t be too concerned. Fat, in moderation, is good to include in a diet and can help keep you fuller longer (or at least until lunch). I’m not a nutrition expert in any way, but if you want to learn more check out this article.

Let’s get economical with learning how to cook over medium eggs:

  • 1 egg – $0.25
  • 1/2 tbsp butter – $0.03
  • Salt and pepper

The grand total is $0.28 per over medium egg. If you want to make a full breakfast sandwich, you’ll add:

  • 1 english muffin – $0.50
  • Some cheese – $0.25
  • 1/4 avocado – $0.40

Which brings your breakfast sandwich total to $1.43. That price speaks for itself.

The Recipe
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Total Time: 5 minutes

Author: Economical Chef

Yield: 1 serving

The Recipe

Learn how to cook over medium eggs for breakfast.


  • 1 egg
  • 1/2 tbsp butter
  • Salt and pepper


  1. Add butter to the pan and place over medium heat. Let the butter melt evenly (spread the butter throughout the pan with a spatula if needed).
  2. Crack the egg into the pan and let cook for about 1-2 minutes over medium heat. Add salt and pepper.
  3. When the egg whites are set, flip the egg carefully, ensuring the yolk does not break. Once flipped, let the egg cook for another 15-30 seconds on the other side and then turn off the burner/heat. Let the egg sit on the hot pan for another minute to finish cooking and then remove it from the hot pan.
  4. Salt and pepper to taste!
Nutrition label for The Recipe
Recipe Management Powered by Zip Recipes Plugin

I hope you enjoyed learning how to cook over medium eggs and give them a shot at home!

Don’t forget to also check these egg cooking appliances: Egg Poacher Pans, Egg Crackers, Egg Holders!

3 thoughts on “How to Cook Over Medium Eggs”

  1. It’s so rare that I cook eggs for breakfast, but I’m always happy about it when I do. Avocado and spinach sound like great accompaniments.

    • Breakfast is usually on the go for me which makes eggs a little hard to make sometimes as well, but definitely a treat when I do make them.


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